In this clip, Earthquake started out speaking about working with Dave Chappelle, which led to questions about the backlash Chappelle has received about his latest stand-up show, “The Closer.” Earthquake explained that there’s no joke that exists that won’t offend people, and he went on to state that people don’t need a reason to hate someone. After speaking about not taking offense to the opinions of strangers, Earthquake stated that a “fan only blows when it’s hot.”
The study of memory has always been one of the stranger outposts of science. In the 1950s, an unknown psychology professor at the University of Michigan named James McConnell made headlines—and eventually became something of a celebrity—with a series of experiments on freshwater flatworms called planaria. These worms fascinated McConnell not only because they had, as he wrote, a “true synaptic type of nervous system” but also because they had “enormous powers of regeneration…under the best conditions one may cut [the worm] into as many as 50 pieces” with each section regenerating “into an intact, fully-functioning organism.”
In an early experiment, McConnell trained the worms à la Pavlov by pairing an electric shock with flashing lights. Eventually, the worms recoiled to the light alone. Then something interesting happened when he cut the worms in half. The head of one half of the worm grew a tail and, understandably, retained the memory of its training. Surprisingly, however, the tail, which grew a head and a brain, also retained the memory of its training. If a headless worm can regrow a memory, then where is the memory stored, McConnell wondered. And, if a memory can regenerate, could he transfer it?
Shockingly, McConnell reported that cannibalizing trained worms induced learning in untrained planaria. In other experiments, he trained planaria to run through mazes and even developed a technique for extracting RNA from trained worms in order to inject it into untrained worms in an effort to transmit memories from one animal to another. Eventually, after his retirement in 1988, McConnell faded from view, and his work was relegated to the sidebars of textbooks as a curious but cautionary tale. Many scientists simply assumed that invertebrates like planaria couldn’t be trained, making the dismissal of McConnell’s work easy. McConnell also published some of his studies in his own journal, The Worm Runner’s Digest, alongside sci-fi humor and cartoons. As a result, there wasn’t a lot of interest in attempting to replicate his findings.
David Glanzman, a neurobiologist at the University of California, Los Angeles, has another promising research program that recently struck a chord reminiscent of McConnell’s memory experiments—although, instead of planaria, Glanzman’s lab works mostly with aplysia, the darling mollusk of neuroscience on account of its relatively simple nervous system. (Also known as “sea hares,” aplysia are giant, inky sea slugs that swim with undulating, ruffled wings.)
In this clip, Earthquake talked about the reaction he received following his first VladTV interview. The legendary comedian also discussed what it’s been like as a stand-up comic in the age of COVID-19. He described what it was like performing live for the first time since the pandemic and admitted that the “money is funny” as a result of the public health crisis.
R.A. The Rugged Man presents the official music video for “Wondering (How To Believe)”, the latest single from his new album “All My Heroes Are Dead”. Featuring singer David Myles, the song is a heartfelt display of vivid, powerful storytelling, addressing abuse, addiction, and loss. “All My Heroes Are Dead” is now available worldwide.
A viral video shows a furniture and home appliance delivery driver being held against his will in a neighborhood, blocked in by a HOA president who demanded information from him regarding why he was there.
“I want to know where you’re going?” a man named David Stewart is heard saying on a viral Facebook live.
“It’s none of your business. I’m going out, that’s where I’m going,” Travis Miller said.
“All we want to know is why you’re in here and who gave you the gate code. That’s all we need to know,” the man said.
Miller told News 4 he did not want to share his customer’s personal information.